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  1. Unit 1: Changing paradigms and new challenges in forestry 10 items
    1. Core reading 1 item
      1. Forest systems: living with long-term change - Frederick J. Swanson, F. Stuart Chapin III 2009

        Chapter Testyn Craidd - Core Text

    2. Supplementary reading 5 items
      1. Social, cultural and spiritual (SCS) needs and values - Janette Bulkan 2016

        Chapter Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      2. Forestry in changing social landscapes - Heidi Vanhanen, Jeremy Rayner, Yerdi Yasmi, Thomas Enters 2010

        Chapter Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      3. From management to stewardship: viewing forests as complex adaptive systems in an uncertain world - Christian Messier, Klauss Puettmann, Robin Chazdon, Krister P. Andersson 2015

        Article Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      4. Forest conflicts: a growing research field - Katarina Eckerberg, Camilla Sandström 2013

        Article Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

    3. Audio-visual resources 4 items
      1. Understanding social-ecological systems - Stockholm Resilience Centre 2017

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      2. Of forests and men [International Year of Forests 2011] - Yann Arthus-Bertrand, United Nations (UN) 2011

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      3. European forests: central to the world we live in - European Forest Institute 2012

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      4. Valuation of ecosystem services: classes of values - Conservation Strategy Fund 2015

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

  2. Unit 2: Land-use, livelihoods and economic development 41 items
    1. Core reading 3 items
      1. Who are forest-dependent people? A taxonomy to aid livelihood and land use decision-making in forested regions - Peter Newton, Daniel C. Miller, Mugabi Augustine Ateenyi Byenkya, Arun Agrawal 2016

        Article Testyn Craidd - Core Text

      2. The future of tropical forests under the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals - Latha Swamy, Erika Drazen, Whitney R. Johnson, Jacob J. Bukoski 2018

        Article Testyn Craidd - Core Text

    2. Supplementary reading 4 items
      1. The economic value of forest ecosystems - David W. Pearce 2001

        Article Testyn Craidd - Core Text

      2. State of the world's forests 2014. Enhancing the socioeconomic benefits from forests - FAO 2014

        Document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading Use as a reference - particularly chapter 3, which reports data on some important indicators of the socioeconomic benefits of forests.

      3. Timber, fuel and fiber - R. Neil Sampson, Nadia Bystriakova, Sandra Brown, Patrick Gonzalez 2005

        Chapter Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      4. Contribution of the forestry sector to national economies, 1990-2011 - Arvydas Lebedys, Yanshu Li 2014

        Document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

    3. Audio-visual resources 9 items
      1. Uncovering pathways to an inclusive green economy - United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) 2016

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      2. Branching out for a green economy - United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) 2011

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      3. The Sustainable Development Goals need forests - United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (UNFAO) 2018

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      4. Introduction to forestry economics - Conservation Strategy Fund 2015

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      5. State of the World’s Forests 2016: Forests and agriculture - land use challenges and opportunities - United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (UNFAO) 2016

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      6. Environmental incomes and rural livelihoods - Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) 2012

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      7. European forestry innovation: towards a green economy - United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) 2013

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      8. Forestry: sustainable innovation - Ann Normand 2017

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      9. Green: at what price? - Thompson Reuters Foundation 2016

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

    4. Group reading 25 items
      1. Group 1: Global land-use change and forest transitions 4 items
        1. Land system science and sustainable development of the earth system: A global land project perspective - Peter H. Verburg, Neville Crossman, Erle C. Ellis, Andreas Heinimann 2015

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        2. Global forest transition: prospects for an end to deforestation - Patrick Meyfroidt, Eric F. Lambin 2011

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        3. The drivers of tree cover expansion: global, temperate, and tropical zone analyses - Thomas K. Rudel, Sean Sloan, Robin Chazdon, Ricardo Grau 2016

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        4. Forest transitions: a new conceptual scheme - Christian A. Kull 2017

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

      2. Group 2: Forest-poverty linkages 4 items
        1. Livelihoods, forests, and conservation in developing countries: An overview - William D. Sunderlin, Arild Angelsen, Brian Belcher, Paul Burgers 2005

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        2. Why forests are important for global poverty alleviation: A spatial explanation - William D. Sunderlin, Sonya Dewi, Atie Puntodewo, Daniel Müller 2008

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        3. Environmental income and rural livelihoods: A global-comparative analysis - Arild Angelsen, Pamela Jagger, Ronnie Babigumira, Brian Belcher 2014

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        4. Safety nets, gap filling and forests: A global-comparative perspective - Sven Wunder, Jan Börner, Gerald Shively, Miriam Wyman 2014

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

      3. Group 3: Locally-controlled forest enterprises 4 items
        1. Enabling investment for locally controlled forestry - Duncan Macqueen, Peter deMarsh 2015

          Chapter Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        2. Critical success factors for small and medium forest enterprises: A review - Olivia Sanchez Badini, Reem Hajjar, Robert Kozak 2018

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        3. Innovations towards prosperity emerging in locally controlled forest business models and prospects for scaling up - Duncan Macqueen, Anna Bolin, Martin Greijmans, Sophie Grouwels 2018

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

      4. Group 4: Employment in the forestry sector 5 items
        1. International Year of Forests 2011: What about the labour aspects of forestry? - International Labor Organization 2011

          Document Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        2. Beyond physical health and safety: supporting the wellbeing of workers employed in the forest industry - Melinda R. Mylek, Jacki Schirmer 2015

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        3. Circular migration, small-scale logging, and household livelihoods in Uganda - Pamela Jagger, Gerald Shively, Arthur Arinaitwe 2012

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        4. What are the implications of the bioeconomy for forest-related jobs? - Anna Lawrence, Rafaelle Spindelli, Anne Toppinen, Eftimiya Salo 2017

          Chapter Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

      5. Group 5: Global change in the forest industry and product markets 4 items
        1. Changes in global markets for forest products and timberlands - Anne Toppinen, Yaoqi Zhang, Wei Geng, Susanna Laaksonen-Craig 2010

          Chapter Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        2. The northern forest and paper multinationals - Peter Dauvergne, Jane Lister 2011

          Chapter Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        3. The political economy of global tree plantation expansion: a review - Markus Kröger 2014

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        4. Firm-level competitiveness in the forest industries: review and research implications in the context of bioeconomy strategies - Jouni Korhonen, Elias Hurmekoski, Eric Hansen, Anne Toppinen 2018

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

      6. Group 6: Forest sector sustainability and the bioeconomy 4 items
        1. On corporate responsibility - Anne Toppinen, Katja Lähtinen, Jani Holopainen 2015

          Chapter Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        2. The emerging bio-economy and the forest sector - Anders Roos, Matti Stendahl 2015

          Chapter Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        3. The problematic old roots of the new green economy narrative: how far can it take us in re-imagining sustainability in forestry? - Maria F. Tomaselli, Reem Hajjar, Ana-Elia Ramón-Hidalgo, Andrea M. Vásquez-Fernández 2017

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

  3. Unit 3: Cultural ecosystem services and human well-being 34 items
    1. Core reading 3 items
      1. A review of the elements of human well-being with an emphasis on the contribution of ecosystem services - James K. Summers, Lisa M. Smith, Jason L. Case, Rick A. Linthurst 2012

        Article Testyn Craidd - Core Text

      2. Contributions of cultural services to the ecosystem services agenda - Terry C. Daniel, Andreas Muhar, Arne Arnberger, Olivier Aznar 2012

        Article Testyn Craidd - Core Text

      3. Valuing cultural ecosystem services - Mark Hirons, Claudia Comberti, Robert Dunford 2016

        Article Testyn Craidd - Core Text

    2. Supplementary reading 1 item
      1. An empirical review of cultural ecosystem service indicators - Mónica Hernández-Morcillo, Tobias Plieninger, Claudia Bieling 2013

        Article Testyn Craidd - Core Text

    3. Audio-visual resources 6 items
      1. Cultural ecosystem services: how do you measure that? - Rachael Gould 2017

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      2. Prescribing nature for health - Nooshin Razani 2016

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      3. What the people of the Amazon know that you don’t - Mark Plotkin 2014

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      4. Benefits of urban forests - American Forests 2012

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      5. The forest: our home, our culture, our life - Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) Canada 2016

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      6. Forests of reverence - TERI 2006

        Audio-visual document Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

    4. Group reading 24 items
      1. Group 1: Human health and forests 4 items
        1. Human health impacts of ecosystem alteration - Samuel S. Myers, Lynne Gaffikin, Christopher D. Golden, Richard S. Ostfeld 2013

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        2. Human health and forests: an overview - Colin D. Butler 2008

          Chapter Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        3. Promoting human health through forests: overview and major challenges - Eeva Karjalainen, Tytti Sarjala, Hannu Raitio 2010

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        4. Health, habitats and medicinal plant use - Anthony B. Cunningham, Patricia Shanley, Sarah Laird 2008

          Chapter Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

      2. Group 2: Urban forest and green space 4 items
        1. The forest and the city: the cultural landscape of urban woodland - Cecil C. Konijnendijk 2008

          Book Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading Read Chapter 1: 'Introduction'. Later chapters are also of interest but you are not expected to read the whole book!

        2. Nature and health - Terry Hartig, Richard Mitchell, Sjerp de Vries, Howard Frumkin 2014

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        3. Emerging issues in urban ecology: implications for research, social justice, human health, and well-being - Viniece Jennings, Myron F. Floyd, Danielle Shanahan, Christopher Coutts 2017

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

      3. Group 3: Education and knowledge systems 4 items
        1. Toward an ecology of environmental education and learning - Keith G. Tidball, Marianne E. Krasny 2011

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        2. Weaving indigenous and sustainability sciences to diversify our methods - Jay T. Johnson, Richard Howitt, Gregory Cajete, Fikret Berkes 2016

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        3. Ecological knowledge among communities, managers and scientists: bridging divergent perspectives to improve forest management outcomes - Lucy Rist, Charlie Shackleton, Lily Gadamus, F. Stuart Chapin 2016

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        4. The unknown known – A review of local ecological knowledge in relation to forest biodiversity conservation - Bettina Joa, Georg Winkel, Eeva Primmer 2018

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

      4. Group 4: Recreation and ecotourism 4 items
        1. Forest recreation and nature tourism in Europe: context, history and current situation - Ulrike Probstl, Birgit H.M. Elands, Veronika Wirth 2009

          Chapter Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        2. What do we expect from forests? The European view of public demands - Mariusz Ciesielski, Krzysztof Stereńczak 2018

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        3. Ecotourism and the development of indigenous communities: the good, the bad, and the ugly - Jessica Coria, Enrique Calfucura 2012

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

      5. Group 5: Spiritual values and sacred spaces 4 items
        1. Sacred groves: potential for biodiversity management - Shonil A. Bhagwat, Claudia Rutte 2006

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        2. Sacred forests of India: a strong tradition of community-based natural resource management - Alison A. Ormsby, Shonil A. Bhagwat 2010

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        3. Forests as spiritually significant places: nature, culture and 'belonging' in Australia - David Trigger, Jane Mulcock 2005

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

      6. Group 6: Cultural landscapes, heritage and aesthetics 4 items
        1. The role of cultural ecosystem services in landscape management and planning - Tobias Plieninger, Claudia Bieling, Nora Fagerholm, Anja Byg 2015

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        2. Cultural landscapes: a bridge between culture and nature? - Ken Taylor, Jane Lennon 2011

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        3. Biodiversity, traditional management systems, and cultural landscapes: examples from the boreal forest of Canada - Fikret Berkes, Iain J. Davidson-Hunt 2006

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        4. Rewilding abandoned landscapes in Europe - Laetitia M. Navarro, Henrique M. Pereira 2012

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

  4. Unit 4: Forest governance: localisation and globalisation 30 items
    1. Core reading 3 items
      1. Global forest discourses must connect with local forest realities - Gary Q. Bull, Agni K. Boedhihartono, Gabriela Bueno, Benjamin Cashore 2018

        Article Testyn Craidd - Core Text

    2. Supplementary reading 3 items
      1. Environmental governance - Maria Carmen Lemos, Arun Agrawal 2006

        Article Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      2. Adaptive co-management in social–ecological governance - Gary P. Kofinas 2009

        Chapter Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

      3. Polycentric governance of multifunctional forested landscapes - Harini Nagendra, Elinor Ostrom 2012

        Article Darllen Ehangach - Wider Reading

    3. Group reading 24 items
      1. Group 1: Representation and participation in forest policy-making 4 items
        1. Public participation in forest land-use decision-making - Horward Harshaw, Hosny El-Lakany 2016

          Chapter Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        2. Participatory governance of urban green spaces: trends and practices in the EU - Alexander P.N. van der Jagt, Birgit H.M. Elands, Bianca Ambrose-Oji, Eva Gerohazi 2017

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        3. Orchestration in political processes: Involvement of experts, citizens, and participatory professionals in forest policy making - Daniela Kleinschmit, Helga Pülzl, Laura Secco, Arnaud Sergent 2018

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

      2. Group 2: Property rights and forest tenure reform 4 items
        1. The global forest tenure transition: background, substance and prospects - William D. Sunderlin 2011

          Chapter Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        2. Property rights regimes and natural resources: a conceptual analysis revisited - Thomas Sikor, Jun He, Guillaume Lestrelin 2017

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        3. Does secure land tenure save forests? A meta-analysis of the relationship between land tenure and tropical deforestation - Brian E. Robinson, Margaret B. Holland, Lisa Naughton-Treves 2014

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        4. Forest ownership changes in Europe: State of knowledge and conceptual foundations - Gerhard Weiss, Anna Lawrence, Teppo Hujala, Gun Lidestav 2018

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

      3. Group 3: Decentralisation and devolution in forest governance 4 items
        1. Decentralization and community-based approaches - Reem Hajjar, Augusta Molnar 2015

          Chapter Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        2. Community forestry in theory and practice: Where are we now? - Susan Charnley, Melissa R. Poe 2007

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        3. Key factors which influence the success of community forestry in developing countries - Jack Baynes, John Herbohn, Carl Smith, Robert Fisher 2015

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        4. Trends in research on forestry decentralization policies - Jens Friis Lund, Rebecca Leigh Rutt, Jesse Ribot 2018

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

      4. Group 4: Certification and legality verification 4 items
        1. Can legality verification rescue global forest governance? - Benjamin Cashore, Michael W. Stone 2012

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        2. Forest certification and legality initiatives in the Brazilian Amazon: Lessons for effective and equitable forest governance - Constance L. McDermott, Lloyd C. Irland, Pablo Pacheco 2015

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        3. FLEGT: Another ‘forestry fad’? - Rebecca L. Rutt, Rodd Myers, Sabaheta Ramcilovic-Suominen, Constance McDermott 2018

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        4. Forest certification: the challenge of measuring impacts - Hamish van der Ven, Benjamin Cashore 2018

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

      5. Group 5: PES and REDD+ 4 items
        1. Problematizing REDD+ as an experiment in payments for ecosystem services - Esteve Corbera 2012

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        2. What is REDD+ achieving on the ground? - Amy E. Duchelle, Gabriela Simonet, William D. Sunderlin, Sven Wunder 2018

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        3. Questioning REDD+ and the future of market-based conservation - Robert Fletcher, Wolfram Dressler, Bram Büscher, Zachary R. Anderson 2016

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        4. Promising change, delivering continuity: REDD+ as conservation fad - Jens Friis Lund, Eliezeri Sungusia, Mathew Bukhi Mabele, Andreas Scheba 2017

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

      6. Group 6: Forest landscape restoration 4 items
        1. Mediating forest transitions: ′grand design′ or ′muddling through′ - Jeffrey Sayer, Gary Bull, Chris Elliott 2008

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        2. Integrated landscape approaches to managing social and environmental issues in the tropics: learning from the past to guide the future - James Reed, Josh Van Vianen, Elizabeth L. Deakin, Jos Barlow 2016

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        3. Governance and forest landscape restoration: A framework to support decision-making - Stephanie Mansourian 2017

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

        4. Measuring the effectiveness of landscape approaches to conservation and development - Jeffrey A. Sayer, Chris Margules, Agni K. Boedhihartono, Terry Sunderland 2017

          Article Argymhellir ei ddarllen - Recommended Reading

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